Moscow, Russia (RIA Novosti) Apr 13, 2011
On the morning of April 12, 1961, the Vostok spacecraft was launched into orbit carrying the world's first cosmonaut, Yury Gagarin, a citizen of the Soviet Union. YouReporter users and bloggers share recollections of that historic day and what it meant for the Soviet people. The first good news since the end of the war
Each and every Soviet citizen felt like they were part of the great event. "My mother rushed out to find out what happened, fearing that it was something bad. But the neighbor told her about the radio announcement on Yury Gagarin's flight. Mom turned on the TV and we watched the news," recalls Vladimir Vladimirov.
"My mother was 12 at the time, and she wept as she was telling me about April 12, 1961. I also read in Yury Levitan's memoirs that he had to hold back tears only twice during his career as a radio announcer: when he reported Germany's unconditional surrender on May 9, 1945, and when Gagarin made his flight," shares anichchka.
People were extremely proud. The flight opened up new horizons. It was probably the first good news since the end of the war. At that time, Olga Khayenko was a little girl living in Magnitogorsk.
She was terrified of war: "I was very scared of war, but nobody knew about my secret fear. When I heard Levitan's solemn and slightly worried voice (everyone recognized it immediately), I ran outside, without waiting for him to go on, because I was sure he would say that a new war has begun. My heart was beating wildly and my eyes were opened wide. The courtyard was rapidly filling up with smiling neighbors who had heard the announcement about Gagarin's flight. This is how I learned the news, and it made me happy."
An instant holiday
Iskander recalls: "I was impacted by space at a young age. On April 12, 1961, my granddad was so overwhelmed by Gagarin's flight that he forgot to pick me up from kindergarten."
According to the mother of Timofei Dyakonov, "the first manned space flight left no one unmoved. People gathered together in impromptu festivals with balloons and flags. The euphoria spread like wildfire. It felt like it was a huge holiday."
"Everyone in the courtyard heard the announcement about the first man in space. The boys were especially jubilant," recalls blogger sukie_rudgemont.
"My mother told me that on that day people ran out into the street, weeping, and embraced each other. Tables were brought out into courtyards and people brought whatever they had at home for a feast to mark the incredible event," vodani4_ey writes on LiveJournal.
As in many other cities, people in Brest did not leave the central square until late at night. Tatyana Mukhorovskaya shared a quote from a local newspaper printed in 1961: "When people heard about Gagarin's flight, they gathered in the square. Most of them were students from the Brest Teacher Training University. They shouted joyously, and everyone was happy and excited. Sparklers were lit. Later some of the adults said that one of the lights fell on a girl's white coat and either burned a hole in it or got ash on it. When it got dark out, a film projector was rolled onto the square. They put up the screen on a pole and showed films about Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, a pioneer of rocketry and astronautic theory."
Deeds big and small
Georgy Andreyev from Vologda writes that some people did surpass their usual work quota that day: "On April 12, after hearing about Gagarin's flight, senior engine driver Mikhail Shmargunov, assistant engine driver Sergei Vorobyov and stoker Yury Tsvetkov decided to mark the event by driving a freight train that was 400 tons heavier than the norm ahead of schedule ... Fitter Sergei Kurkov phoned the editorial board of the newspaper Krasny Sever at 10:30 in the morning: 'I am deeply impressed by our scientific achievements! It makes you want to do something heroic too!' ... A spontaneous demonstration was held at the main administration building of a ship repair plant. 'We will work ten times harder now to reach our targets ahead of schedule,' the workers said. 'We will do our utmost to emulate the heroism of cosmonauts.'"
"After hearing the news on the radio, a medical student named Yury Sitsilo registered the frequency of the spacecraft and transmitted the happy news to the Stalingrad Region, to a friend in Bulgaria and an acquaintance in Hungary, and heard the word 'moon.' Congratulations came in from foreign ham radios, and many said the Soviet Union would soon make a moon landing," Georgy Andreyev writes.
"I was six at the time and was living in Kuibyshev. My mom came to pick me up from the kindergarten. She was brimming with happiness. She told me about Gagarin's flight and said on our way back home that I should do something equally heroic. So on that day I lit the gas stove with a match for the first time," writes 4may.
The news even disrupted classes, writes Vladimir Sokolov: "After the announcement, the radio broadcast was switched to Red Square where people flocked with banners that read 'Yury is a hero' and 'Everyone into space!' Of course, classes were disrupted, and the teachers did their best to answer our questions. We were dismissed an hour earlier than usual. It was surreal. We felt like we were in a dream and that we'd wake up any minute."
Blogger jkl_jkl was in school when the announcement was made: "The radio was turned on full blast during class and we heard a bouncy, youthful voice say: 'Dear compatriots.' We liked the voice and we thought Major Gagarin must be very handsome. And then the principal said classes were over for the day and that everyone can go home to watch the news on TV."
Vladimir Sychev's father Vyacheslav was in the library when the announcement was made: "On the morning of April 12, 1961, I went to the science hall of the Lenin Library to work on my dissertation. Suddenly we heard strange noises outside. We looked out and saw a large group of people, about a hundred, walking in Mokhovaya Street from the Moskva River by the Kremlin. They were probably medical students because they were in white coats on which they painted: 'Hooray, we are in space!' One man had a large piece of Whatman paper that said 'Hooray for Belka, Strelka and Gagarin!' We had no idea what it all meant. We ran outside and everything became clear: one of ours flew into outer space."
Yury becomes a popular name
"My parents got married on April 12, 1961. When the ceremony was over, they said that their child would be a cosmonaut. But three years later they had me, a girl," writes orang_m.
Sergei Volkov writes: "I can tell you about the first man in space only by what my family told me. It was an important day in the history of the Soviet Union. The world was eagerly following the news about the spacecraft with a man on board. It lasted an hour and a half, and all the while people waited for the news about its landing. Some did not believe that you can fly in space and return safely. Today the phrase 'Let's go!' is famous across the world. After Gagarin's flight, many newborns in the Soviet Union were named Yury, and streets and squares were named after him too."
Fifty years later
The crew of the spacecraft was given a film, Yury Gagarin's 108 Minutes, made by students of the Moscow Aviation Institute and the youth team of the Russian Aerospace Initiative NGO, recalls Arseny Ustinov.
"Gagarin's outstanding feat marked a new era in the histor y of mankind. It was not only a national triumph but was an embodiment of a daring dream of thousands of people. It started off a chain reaction in every country to get into space," said Alexander M Kadakin, ambassador of the Russian Federation to India.
The ambassador was the chief guest at a gala function dedicated to the 50th anniversary of Gagarin's flight into outer space, held at the Russian Centre of Science and Culture (RCSC) in New Delhi on Tuesday evening.
Yuri Gagarin had commandeered the first manned space flight on April 12, 1961 making a 108-minute orbital flight in his Vostok 1 spacecraft.
Indian astronaut Rakesh Sharma spent eight days on his maiden space flight aboard the Soviet Soyuz T-11 spacecraft on April 2, 1984 to Salyut-7 orbital station.
Kadakin said broader collaboration with India is high on the agenda of Russia's space plans with the recent agreements on deeper cooperation and in adopting the Glonass Russian satellite navigation system.
"Bilateral cooperation will further strengthen and blossom, extending from orbital and lunar flights to the mysterious far reaches of the universe," Kadakin said.
Fyodor A Rozovskiy, director, RCSC, in his welcome remarks said the anniversary celebration of the great event all over Russia and India is a testimony to the significance of the landmark scientific mission Gagarin fulfilled.
He referred to the prospects of more and more ambitious projects jointly being scheduled by Russia and India in the years to come.
"It is very encouraging to find that four Indian youth were among the winners as part of the international space challenge we had conducted. The space belongs to the young generation and we encourage youth," Rozovskiy said.
"Gagarin, the proud son of Soviet Union pioneered man's zest into space in 1991 and blazed a new trail in the scientific world," said Dalbir Singh, national secretary, All Indian Congress Committee.
Acknowledging the timely support given by Russia, Singh referred to the enormous opportunities ahead for further bilateral cooperation in the field of space science to the broader benefit of mankind.
"Today, thanks to Gagarin, there are almost 500 people who have been to space," he said.
The celebrations ended with a colourful concert by folk dance group from Russia which presented items such as The Red Square, Troika, Russian Mosaic, Amalia, a Gypsy Dance and others
Source: RIA Novosti
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