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N. Korea admits failure as world raps rocket launch
by Staff Writers
Pyongyang (AFP) April 13, 2012

S. Korea searching for N. Korean rocket debris
Seoul (AFP) April 13, 2012 - South Korea's navy on Friday launched a salvage operation to retrieve the debris from North Korea's failed rocket launch, a military spokesman said Friday.

"We've located where the debris landed and we're making efforts to salvage it," the Joint Chiefs of Staff spokesman told AFP.

The announcement came despite a warning from the North last week not to attempt such an operation.

"If anyone... attempts to shoot down or to salvage our space rocket debris, we would retaliate ruthlessly," Pyongyang's Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland, in charge of inter-Korean ties, had said.

Yonhap news agency said more than a dozen South Korean navy ships, many of them equipped with sonar and backed by divers, were combing the area.

"We believe some large chunks are lying on the sea bed," the spokesman said.

The depth of the sea is between 70 and 100m (230 and 330 feet) making it feasible to retrieve large chunks of debris, Yonhap said.

North Korea admitted Friday its long-range rocket launch had failed, disintegrating mid-air and plunging into the sea soon after liftoff in a major embarrassment for the reclusive state.

Defying international warnings, the North went ahead with what it said was a launch to put a peaceful satellite into orbit, drawing condemnation from world leaders who said the "provocative" act threatened regional security.

Several hours after the rocket exploded over the Yellow Sea, the North admitted the satellite had failed to enter orbit, adding "scientists, technicians and experts are now looking into the cause of the failure".

The United States and its allies, who condemned the exercise as a disguised ballistic missile test banned by United Nations resolutions, reacted strongly.

"North Korea is only further isolating itself by engaging in provocative acts, and is wasting its money on weapons and propaganda displays while the North Korean people go hungry," White House spokesman Jay Carney said.

He said the launch "violates international law and contravenes its own recent commitments", under which Pyongyang had agreed to suspend its nuclear and missile tests in return for US food aid.

South Korea's defence ministry said the rocket, which lifted off at 07:39 am (2239 GMT Thursday), "flew about one or two minutes before it exploded mid-air".

"We are keeping a close watch over the North for further provocative acts such as missile tests and a nuclear test," the ministry said, referring to fears the launch could be followed by North Korea's third atomic test.

The South's Foreign Minister Kim Sung-Hwan said Friday's actions were a "clear breach of the UN resolution that prohibits any launch using ballistic missile technology. It is a provocative act threatening peace and security."

A military spokesman said the South's navy had launched a salvage operation to retrieve the debris from the rocket, despite warnings from Pyongyang last week not to attempt such an operation.

Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura also condemned the move.

"Even if it was a failure, it is a grave provocation to our country and other countries concerned and violates UN Security Council resolutions," he said.

The North's sole major ally, China, was more muted in its reaction, calling for restraint from all sides, several hours after the failed launch.

"We hope all relevant parties can maintain calm and restraint, and refrain from acts that would harm peace and stability on the peninsula and in the region," foreign ministry spokesman Liu Weimin said in a statement.

The North American Aerospace Command (NORAD) said that together with the US military's Northern Command it "detected and tracked a launch of the North Korean Taepodong-2 missile."

It said initial findings indicated the rocket's first stage fell into the sea 165 kilometres (around 100 miles) west of the South Korean capital Seoul.

"The remaining stages were assessed to have failed and no debris fell on land," it said. "At no time were the missile or the resultant debris a threat."

The Group of Eight powers led criticism of the launch and said they would consider taking "appropriate actions" at the UN Security Council, which will meet later Friday.

The preparations for the launch had triggered regional alarm in recent days.

Tokyo deployed missile defence systems to intercept and destroy the rocket if it looked set to fall on Japan, and flights were diverted to avoid being in the Pacific area where debris from the rocket was expected to fall.

North Korea had insisted the launch would not be a banned missile test and that it had every right to send the satellite up, to mark Sunday's centenary of the birth of its founding leader Kim Il-Sung.

The 30-metre (100-foot) Unha-3 (Galaxy-3) rocket had been positioned at a newly built space centre on the northwestern Yellow Sea coast.

North Korea has invited up to 200 foreign journalists to Pyongyang for the launch and the weekend commemorations, the largest number of overseas media ever welcomed in to the reclusive state.

The nation is in the midst of cementing a power transition between late leader Kim Jong-Il who died last December and his untested son Kim Jong-Un, who is in his late 20s.

"Obviously the rocket launch is pretty embarrassing for Kim Jung-Un and North Korea," said Tate Nurkin, managing director at leading defence publication IHS Jane's, in an emailed comment.

"The timing of it is significant. North Korea is all about ceremony and stature and grand, symbolic gestures and they celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Kim Il-Sung."

The Security Council has ordered an emergency meeting for Friday to condemn North Korea's actions, but is unlikely to order immediate new sanctions against the isolated state.

Japan and South Korea would like tougher measures against the hardline state, which already faces UN sanctions over its two nuclear tests. But fears the North is preparing a new nuclear test have clouded diplomatic outrage.

"We have to hold our fire. This was bad, but we have to expect worse to come," said one senior UN envoy, referring to reports of a new underground nuclear test in the making.

The North, which is believed to have enough plutonium for six to eight bombs, tested atomic weapons in October 2006 and May 2009. Both were held one to three months after missile tests.

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Facts on N. Korea's missile programme
Seoul (AFP) April 13, 2012 - North Korea, which admitted its long-range rocket launch failed Friday, has been developing missiles for decades both for what it terms self-defence and as a lucrative export commodity.

It had said the launch was to put a satellite in orbit to collect data on forests and natural resources within its territory.

The United States and its allies swiftly condemned what they said was a disguised test of ballistic missile technology in defiance of UN resolutions.

The North began its programme in the late 1970s or early 1980s, when it started working on a version of the Soviet Scud-B with a range of 300 kilometres (around 185 miles).

Between 1987 and 1992 it began developing a variant of the Scud-C (range 500 kilometres), as well as the Rodong-1 (1,300 kilometres), the Taepodong-1 (2,500 kilometres), the Musudan-1 (3,000 kilometres) and the Taepodong-2 (6,700 kilometres).

The Scud-B, Scud-C and Rodong-1 have all been tested successfully.

The first and only Taepodong-1 launch took place in August 1998 over Japan. It sparked alarm in Tokyo but the third stage apparently exploded before it could place a small satellite into orbit.

In September 1999, amid improving relations with the United States, North Korea declared a moratorium on long-range missile testing. It ended this in March 2005, blaming Washington's "hostile" policy.

The Taepodong-2 was first fired on July 5, 2006 but blew up after 40 seconds.

On April 5, 2009, the North fired a long-range rocket dubbed Unha-2 (Galaxy-2) -- an advanced three-stage variant of the Taepodong-2 -- to put a satellite into orbit.

Experts said the third stage may have separated from the second but apparently failed to ignite.

Japanese reports said the second stage splashed down in the Pacific 3,200 kilometres from the launch site, and the third stage plus satellite fell nearby.

Unha-2 is 30 metres (100 feet) tall and weighs 80-85 tonnes, according to a 2009 analysis by scientists David Wright and Theodore Postol.

Writing in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, they termed it a "significant advance" on previous launchers and said a modified version could reach the continental United States.

They said the third stage had a strong similarity to Iran's Safir-2 rocket, suggesting collaboration between the two countries.

The Unha-3 rocket, which the North said was to put the Kwangmyongsong-3 satellite into orbit, exploded shortly after its launch Friday from a newly built space centre in the northwest of the country, splashing down in the Yellow Sea off South Korea.

South Korea said it was watching for further missile tests or a third nuclear test following the rocket failure.

The North is thought to have enough plutonium for six to eight small bombs. But it is unclear whether it has mastered the technology to build a nuclear warhead.

It is thought to have sold hundreds of ballistic missiles to Iran, Iraq, Syria, Pakistan and other countries over the previous decade to earn foreign currency, according to a US Congressional Research Service report in 2007.

Leaving aside the longest-range missiles, the main security threat is seen as coming from around 800 road-mobile missiles.

Of these, about 600 are Scuds capable of hitting targets in South Korea, and possibly Japanese territory in some cases. There are another 200 Rodong-1 missiles that could reach Tokyo.


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N.Korea's rocket exploded mid-air
Seoul (AFP) April 13, 2012
North Korea's rocket exploded mid-air before splashing down in the Yellow Sea off South Korea, Seoul's defence ministry said Friday. "North Korea's rocket flew about one or two minutes before it exploded mid-air," the defence ministry said in a statement. "So the missile test is deemed to have failed." The missile reached as high as 151 kilometres (94 miles) over South Korea's Baengnyeon ... read more

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