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ENERGY TECH
$10.8B U.S. arms sale reassures gulf allies at touchy time
by Staff Writers
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (UPI) Oct 18, 2013


Nobel Peace Laureates arrive in Warsaw for summit
Warsaw (AFP) Oct 20, 2013 - Polish revolutionary leader Lech Walesa welcomed Nobel Peace Prize winners to Warsaw on Sunday for a three-day summit, 30 years after winning the prize himself.

"I hope that together, by using the huge potential of the Nobel Peace Prize, we can discuss the problems of the world and move to some collective action," the former president said.

Walesa led the Solidarity trade union that negotiated a bloodless end to communism in Poland in 1989. The following year, he became the country's first democratically elected president since World War II.

Frederik de Klerk, the former South African president who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 along with Nelson Mandela in recognition of their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, said he hoped the conference would discuss moves to alleviate poverty and put an end to conflict.

"How can we ensure that the world and all the countries of the world embark upon wise and well-balanced economic policies which bring the growth which we need"? he said, adding that he hoped a focus on the African continent would be a feature of the talks.

"Africa is showing wonderful growth rates but somehow or another it's not properly on the agenda of Europe or the US," he said.

The Dalai Lama, Irish peace campaigner Betty Williams and Iranian lawyer Shirin Ebadi are all expected to attend.

The American actress Sharon Stone will also pick up a Peace Summit Award for her work in the fight against AIDS.

The Pentagon's formal notification to Congress this week of expected arms sales worth $10.8 billion to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to bolster their defenses against Iran struck a bizarre note.

It came amid the Americans' most determined effort to reach a strategic rapprochement with its longtime adversary.

It's not yet clear what impact this might have on the negotiations that are picking up steam -- or on the discreet but growing effort by Israel to court the Arab states of the Persian Gulf to coordinate the anti-Iran stands they share.

The proposed arms deals, involving state-of-the-art warplanes, missiles and precision-guided munitions such as GBU-39 "bunker buster" bombs that would be needed to knock out Iran's nuclear facilities, come at a time of growing differences between Riyadh and Washington regarding Syria and Iran.

The lucrative contracts, first outlined in April, are welcome news for Lockheed Martin, Boeing Co., Raytheon and other U.S. defense giants, which are having to rely increasingly on exports amid severe cutbacks in military spending, not just in the United States but in Europe as well.

So there's a clear domestic gain for the U.S. defense sector. But some analysts view the arms sales as part of a U.S. effort to reassure Washington's Arab allies in the oil-rich gulf that they are not being abandoned as U.S. President Barack Obama focuses on his "Asian pivot" to meet the emerging Chinese challenge.

That suspicion of diminishing U.S. interest has been nurtured by the gulf monarchies since the Americans left their longtime Arab ally, Hosni Mubarak of Egypt, to his fate in the February 2011 pro-democracy uprising, and by the December 2011 U.S. withdrawal from Iraq, leaving it prey to Iranian expansionism.

The arms deals, under which Riyadh would be provided with weapons worth $6.8 billion and the Emirates $4 billion, demonstrate the extent to which U.S. arms exports have become a key element in Washington's Middle Eastern policy as its seeks to reduce its presence in the volatile region after decades of military domination.

"Recent events in the Middle East have diminished the overall political relationship between the two sides," observed the U.S. global intelligence consulting firm Stratfor.

"U.S. attempts at a negotiated solution with Iran as well as the U.S.-Russian deal on Syria have upset Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and other gulf countries" at a time when they feel threatened by the political turmoil sweeping the Arab world.

"In light of these differences," Stratfor noted, "the United States is increasingly relying on military and defense cooperation as the primary vehicle to maintain a close relationship with its gulf allies."

The new deals "bind the United States closer to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. ...

"Military and defense cooperation is the one constant that Washington has used to maintain relations with -- and in the case of Egypt, occasionally pressure -- its Middle East allies," Stratfor added.

"At a time of diverging interests, when the United States is increasingly seeking a resolution with Iran despite its allies' concerns, such cooperation will be ever more important."

That should suit the U.S. defense sector just fine.

The list of hardware bound for the gulf includes 6,000 GBU-39/B small diameter bombs, the "bunker busters" built by Boeing -- 1,000 for Saudi Arabia and 5,000 for the Emirates, which gives some idea of who'll spearhead the air offensive against Iran if war breaks out.

There's also hundreds of air-launched Boeing Standoff Land Attack Missiles, or SLAM-expanded response weapons, and Raytheon's AGM-154C Joint Standoff Weapons, or JSOWs, that Arab jets can launch beyond the range of air-defenses.

Saudi Arabia will get 650 SLAM-ERs and 973 JSOWs, the Emirates 300 SLAM-ERs and 1,200 JSOWs.

However, the U.S. offer has been nuanced. The Pentagon reportedly refused requests by Riyadh and Abu Dhabi for Lockheed Martin's AGM-158 cruise missile designed to take out high-value targets, and Raytheon's High-Speed Anti-Radiation missiles to neutralize air-defenses.

"This decision may be less driven by the question of Iran than of Israel," observed Jean-Loup Samaan, a gulf security expert with the NATO Defense College.

"U.S. measures of reassurance to gulf countries still depend on the guarantee that they do not challenge Israel's qualitative military edge, a historical pillar of U.S. export policies in the Middle East."

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