Subscribe to our free daily newsletters
  Space Travel News  




Subscribe to our free daily newsletters



BIO FUEL
A more energy-efficient catalytic process to produce olefins
by Staff Writers
Pittsburgh PA (SPX) May 31, 2017


Inside front cover of Catalysis Science and Technology. Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, 7, 1974-1974 - Reproduced by permission of The Royal Society of Chemistry. Credit Giannis Mpourmpakis/Computer-Aided Nano and Energy Lab

Research at the University of Pittsburgh into a more energy-efficient catalytic process to produce olefins, the building blocks for polymer production, was recently featured on the inside front cover of the Royal Society of Chemistry journal, Catalysis Science and Technology (May 21, 2017, Issue 10). The team's investigations could influence potential applications in diverse technology areas from green energy and sustainable chemistry to materials engineering and catalysis.

"Carboranes: the strongest Bronsted acids in alcohol dehydration" (DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00458C) was authored by Giannis Mpourmpakis, assistant professor of chemical and petroleum engineering. PhD candidate Pavlo Kostetskyy and undergraduate student Nicholas A. Zervoudis, part of Mpourmpakis' Computer-Aided Nano and Energy Lab (C.A.N.E.LA.), are co-authors. Pitt's Center for Simulation and Modeling provided computational support.

"Carboranes are one of the strongest known acids, but little is known about how these molecular catalysts can dehydrate biomass-derived alcohols," Dr. Mpourmpakis explained. "Our computational research not only detailed the mechanism under which alcohols dehydrate on these catalysts, but most importantly we developed linear relationships between the energy input needed to observe dehydration of alcohols and the alcohol characteristics."

According to the paper, "these obtained relationships are especially relevant to the field of solid acid catalysis, a widely studied area with a vast range of industrial applications, including the formation of olefins (polymer building blocks) from biomass-derived alcohols as well as fuels and chemicals from sugars and polyols." The group's research focused on primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, and revealed the slope of linear relationships depending on the reaction mechanism.

"This research is important because now experimentalists have a way to identify the reaction followed when different alcohols dehydrate," Mpourmpakis said. "Because this process involves biomass-based production of polymers, we can potentially create a more sustainable and energy-efficient process."

Research paper

BIO FUEL
New photocatalyst speeds up the conversion of carbon dioxide into chemical resources
Daegu, South Korea (SPX) May 30, 2017
DGIST's joint research team has developed a new titania photocatalyst that converts carbon dioxide into methane three times more efficiently than the existing photocatalyst by manipulating its surface. Carbon dioxide is a major cause of global warming. Therefore, in order to control atmostpheric carbon dioxide concentration, many countries are actively working on numerous studies to invest ... read more

Related Links
University of Pittsburgh
Bio Fuel Technology and Application News


Thanks for being here;
We need your help. The SpaceDaily news network continues to grow but revenues have never been harder to maintain.

With the rise of Ad Blockers, and Facebook - our traditional revenue sources via quality network advertising continues to decline. And unlike so many other news sites, we don't have a paywall - with those annoying usernames and passwords.

Our news coverage takes time and effort to publish 365 days a year.

If you find our news sites informative and useful then please consider becoming a regular supporter or for now make a one off contribution.

SpaceDaily Contributor
$5 Billed Once


credit card or paypal
SpaceDaily Monthly Supporter
$5 Billed Monthly


paypal only

Comment using your Disqus, Facebook, Google or Twitter login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle

BIO FUEL
BIO FUEL
Preparations Continue Before Driving into 'Perseverance Valley'

Schiaparelli landing investigation completed

HI-SEAS Mission V Mars simulation marks midway point

Deciphering the fluid floorplan of a planet

BIO FUEL
Cube Quest Challenge Team Spotlight: Cislunar Explorers

Winning plans for CubeSats to the Moon

Printing bricks from moondust using the Sun's heat

NASA selects ASU's ShadowCam for moon mission

BIO FUEL
A whole new Jupiter with first science results from Juno

First results from Juno show cyclones and massive magnetism

Jupiters complex transient auroras

NASA's Juno probe forces 'rethink' on Jupiter

BIO FUEL
Water forms superstructure around DNA, new study shows

How RNA formed at the origins of life

NASA Scientist Parlays Experience to Build Ocean Worlds Instrument

Scientists propose synestia, a new type of planetary object

BIO FUEL
Successful launch puts New Zealand in space race

Russia to create new Super-Heavy Class rocket after 2025

Neptune: Neutralizer-free plasma propulsion

Spaceflight buys Electron Rocket from Rocket Lab

BIO FUEL
California Woman Charged for Trying to Hand Over Sensitive Space Tech to China

A cabin on the moon? China hones the lunar lifestyle

China tests 'Lunar Palace' as it eyes moon mission

China to conduct several manned space flights around 2020

BIO FUEL
NASA Moves Up Launch of Psyche Mission to a Metal Asteroid

Movie Shows Ceres at Opposition from Sun

Twisting an Asteroid

Oldest buckthorn fossilized flowers found in Argentina




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News






The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2017 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. All articles labeled "by Staff Writers" include reports supplied to Space Media Network by industry news wires, PR agencies, corporate press officers and the like. Such articles are individually curated and edited by Space Media Network staff on the basis of the report's information value to our industry and professional readership. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement